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メディカル英単語集

垢(あか) scurf
皸(あかぎれ) chap, chapped skin
亜急性の subacute
アキレス腱 Achilles tendon
悪性 malignancy, malignity, perniciousness
悪性の malignant, pernicious, virulent
悪性貧血 pernicious anemia
悪性腫瘍 malignant tumor, cancer
アトピー性皮膚炎 atopic dermatitis
アナフィラキシー anaphylaxis
アレルギー allergy
アレルゲン allergen
安産 easy delivery
安全性評価 safety evaluation
stomach
胃液 gastric juice, gastric fluid
胃炎 gastritis, stomach inflammation
胃潰瘍(いかいよう) gastric ulcer, stomach ulcer
胃下垂 gastroptosis,
胃カメラ gastroscope, gastric camera
胃がん stomach cancer, gastric cancer
胃薬 stomach remedy, stomach medicine
医原病 iatrogenic disease
胃酸 gastric acid, stomach acid
胃酸過多 hyperacidity, acid indigestion,
異常分娩 abnormal delivery, dystocia
移植 transplantation, implant, grafting
移植臓器 transplanted organ, implanted organ
胃腸 gut, stomach and intestines, insides
溢血(いっけつ) apoplexy, extravasation of blood
一般用医薬品(市販薬) over-the-counter drug (OTC)
遺伝 heredity, transmission, inheritance
遺伝子 gene
遺伝子組み換え gene recombination, genetic modification
遺伝子治療 gene therapy, genetic treatment,
遺伝性の hereditary, heritable, transmissible
遺伝の、遺伝子の genetic
遺尿(いにょう) enuresis, bed wetting, anischuria
医薬品安全対策情報 Drug Safety Update (DSU)
医薬品医療機器総合機構 Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA)
医薬品副作用被害救済制度 Adverse Drug Reaction Relief System
医薬品添加物 pharmaceutical additive
医療過誤 malpractice, medical error
医療機器 medical device, medical equipment
医療費 medical expenses, medical spending, healthcare cost
医療用医薬品 ethical drug
咽喉 throat, gular region
院内感染 hospital infection, hospital-acquired infection, nosocomial infection
ウィルス virus
ウィルス性の viral
欝血(うっけつ) congestion, blood stasis
鬱病(うつびょう) depression, ademonia, melancholia
栄養失調 malnutrition, dystrophy
壊死(えし) necrosis
エボラ出血熱 Ebola hemorrhagic fever
炎症 inflammation
炎症部位、炎症領域 inflamed area
黄班変性症 macular degeneration
応急処置 emergency measure, first aid treatment
嘔気(おうき) = 吐き気 nausea, sick feeling
黄色ブドウ球菌 Staphylococcus aureus
黄疸(おうだん) jaundice, icterus
嘔吐(おうと) vomiting
悪血(おけつ、あくち) impure blood
おたふく風邪 (流行性耳下腺炎) mumps, epidemic parotiditis
介護 nursing care, care
介護士 caregiver, care worker
介護保険 care insurance
開放血管系 open blood-vascular system
潰瘍(かいよう) ulcer
外用剤 external preparation, topical product
化学療法 chemotherapy, chemical cure
核磁気共鳴映像法 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
覚せい剤、覚醒剤 stimulant
角膜 cornea
風邪(かぜ)、感冒 cold, common cold
画像診断 image diagnosis, diagnostic imaging
活性酸素 active oxygen, radical oxygen
化膿 suppuration
過敏性腸症候群 irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
花粉症 pollen allergy, allergy to pollen, hay fever
顆粒(剤) granule
加齢 advancing age, aging
加齢性の、加齢による age-related, age-associated
過労 strain, overfatigue, overwork
肝炎 hepatitis
眼科 ophthalmology, eye clinic
眼科医 ophthalmologist, eye doctor
肝がん、肝臓がん hepatoma, liver cancer
肝硬変 cirrhosis, hepatocirrhosis
看護師 nurse, registered nurse (RN = 正看護師)
監査 audit, inspection
幹細胞 stem cell
患者 patient, sufferer
関節炎 arthritis, articular inflammation
関節リウマチ arthrorheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis
感染 infection
感染症 infectious disease, communicable disease
感染性の infectious, infective, contagious
肝臓 liver
肝臓の hepatic
含嗽(がんそう) gargle
浣腸、灌腸(かんちょう) enema, enema clyster
気管 trachea, windpipe
気管支 bronchus, bronchi (複数)
気管支炎 bronchitis
気管支喘息(きかんしぜんそく) bronchial asthma
危急 emergency
寄生虫 parasite, infestant
基礎代謝 basal metabolism
偽薬 placebo
逆流性食道炎 reflux esophagitis
急患 emergency case, urgent patient
救急医療 emergency medicine, emergency medical care
救急救命士、救命士 emergency life guard, emergency medical technician (EMT)
救急病院 emergency hospital
急性の acute
急性感染症 acute infection, acute infectious disease
急性期 acute phase, acute stage
急病人 emergency patient
供血 donation of blood
凝血(ぎょうけつ) blood clot, clot of blood
供血者 blood donor
狭心症 angina, breast pang
局所麻酔 local anesthetic, topical anesthesia
切れ痔 bleeding hemorrhoids
bacteria, fungus
緊急 urgent, pressing, emergency
筋肉注射 intramuscular injection (IM)
菌類 fungus (複数: fungi)
空気感染 aerial infection, airborne transmission
空中浮遊細菌 air-borne bacteria
駆虫薬 anthelmintic, antiparasitic
組み換えタンパク(質) recombinant protein, recombination protein
グラム陰性菌 gram-negative bacteria
グラム陽性菌 gram-positive bacteria
経口投与 oral administration, peroral administration, "per os" (PO) 《ラテン語》
劇症肝炎 fulminant hepatitis, severe hepatitis
外科 surgery
外科医 surgeon
下血(げけつ) bloody bowel discharge, melena (黒い血便)
下剤(げざい = 便秘薬) laxative, purgative
血圧 blood pressure
血圧計 blood pressure monitor, sphygmomanometer
血液 blood
血液型 blood type
血液逆流 regurgitation (of blood)
血液凝固 blood clotting, blood coagulation, coagulation
血液銀行 blood bank
血液検査 blood test
血液循環 blood circulation
血液製剤 blood products
血液ドーピング blood doping, blood boosting
血縁 blood relationship, blood relative, blood tie
血塊 blood coagulum
結核 tuberculosis
血管 blood vessel
血球 blood cell, hemocyte
血行 circulation, blood circulation
血行障害 circulatory deficit, disturbance of blood flow
血痕(けっこん) bloodstain, blood mark
血漿(けっしょう) plasma, blood plasma
血小板 platelet, blood platelet, thrombocyte
血清 serum, blood serum
血栓 blood clot, thrombus
血族 blood relative, blood tie
血糖 blood sugar
血友病 hemophilia, angiostaxis, bleeder's disease
血友病患者 hemophile, bleeder, hemophiliac
解熱鎮痛剤 antipyretic and analgesic
下痢 diarrhea, loose bowels
下痢止め antidiarrheal
嫌気性細菌 anaerobic bacteria, anaerobe
研究開発 research and development (R&D)
研究者 researcher
健康診断 health checks, medical examination, checkup
健康保険 health insurance
原薬 active pharmaceutical ingredient (API),
drug substance
降圧剤、降圧薬 antihypertensive, hypotensor, depressor drug
好塩菌 halobacteria
抗炎症剤 anti-inflammatory drug
好気性細菌 aerobic bacteria, aerobe
抗凝固 anticoagulation
抗凝固剤 anticoagulant
抗菌の、抗菌性の antibacterial
高血圧 high blood pressure, hypertension
抗血栓剤 antithrombotic agent, antithrombotic drug
抗原 antigen
抗原抗体反応 antigen-antibody reaction
口腔外科 oral surgery, dental surgery
膠原病(こうげんびょう) collagen disease
高脂血症(脂質異常症) hyperlipidemia, hyperlipemia
公衆衛生 public health, public hygiene
甲状腺 thyroid
向精神薬 psychotropic drug, mind-altering drug
抗生物質, 抗生剤 antibiotic agent, antibiotic(s)
抗生剤併用療法 combination antibiotic therapy
抗体 antibody
後天性免疫不全症候群 acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
抗毒素、(抗毒素を含む)血清 antitoxin
効能 efficacy
後発医薬品 generic drug
抗ヒスタミン剤 antihistamine, antihistamic agent
酵母 yeast
酵母菌 yeast fungus
高齢化社会 aging society
呼吸器外科 respiratory surgery
呼吸器内科 respiratory medicine
誤診 misdiagnosis, erroneous diagnosis
骨髄 bone marrow
骨髄移植 bone-marrow transplantation, bone-marrow graft
骨折 fracture, bone fracture
骨粗鬆症(こつそしょうしょう) osteoporosis
コレラ cholera
採血 blood sampling, blood drawing
再生医療 regenerative medicine, tissue engineering
再生不良性貧血 aplastic anemia
再発 recurrence, relapse, recrudescence
細粒剤 fine granule
坐剤 suppository
査察 (公的機関によるもの) inspection
殺菌 disinfect, sterilization (滅菌)
殺菌剤 bactericide, disinfectant, germicide
散剤 powder medicine
産婦人科 department of obstetrics and gynecology
産婦人科医 obstetrician and gynecologist, ob-gyn
hemorrhoid, pile
歯科 dentistry
歯科医 dentist, dental surgeon, dental clinic (歯科医院)
紫外線 ultraviolet (UV), ultraviolet ray
自覚症状 subjective symptom
子宮がん uterine cancer
止血 hemostasis, arrest of bleeding
止血剤 hemostat, styptic
脂質異常症 hyperlipidemia, hyperlipemia
歯周病 gum disease, periodontal disease
歯槽膿漏(しそうのうろう) pyorrhea
湿疹 eczema, rash
湿布 fomentation, wet pack
歯肉炎 gingivitis, gum inflammation
子嚢菌(しのうきん) ascomycete, sac fungus
耳鼻科、耳鼻咽喉科 ear, nose, and throat (ENT),
otorhinolaryngology
耳鼻咽喉科医 ENT doctor, otorhinolaryngologist
若年型糖尿病 juvenile onset diabetes
獣医 veterinarian, vet
充血 hyperemia
充血した bloodshot, congested
重症急性呼吸器症候群 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
集中治療 intensive care
十二指腸 duodenum
手術 operation, surgery
出血 bleeding, hemorrhage.
出血多量 excessive bleeding
腫瘍 tumor, neoplasm
循環器 circulatory organ
循環器内科 cardiovascular internal medicine
準看護士 licensed practical nurse (LPN)
消炎剤 antiphlogistic
消化器 digestive organ(s), digestive system
消化器疾患 digestive system disease
消化器内科 gastroenterological medicine
猩紅熱(しょうこうねつ) scarlatina, scarlet fever
錠剤 tablet
常在菌 normal inhabitant, resident bacteria, resident microbiota
症状 symptom
小腸 small intestine
消毒 disinfection, antisepsis
消毒薬、消毒剤 disinfectant, antiseptic agent, antiseptic
小児科 pediatrics
小児科医 pediatrician, children's doctor
小脳 cerebellum
静脈注射(静注) intravenous injection (IV)
生薬 crude drug, natural medicine
症例 case
触診 palpation, manipulation
褥瘡(じょくそう) bedsore, decubitus
食中毒 food poisoning
食道 esophagus
食物アレルギー food allergy, alimentary allergy
処方 formula, formulation
徐放性製剤 sustained-release formulation
処方箋(しょほうせん) prescription
処方箋薬 prescription drug, Rx drug
腎炎 nephritis, kidney inflammation
真菌 fungus (複数形: fungi)
心筋梗塞 myocardial infarction, cardiac infarction
神経科 neurology, department of neurology
神経科医 neurologist
人工臓器 artificial internal organ
人工多能性幹細胞(iPS細胞) induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells)
人工透析 artificial dialysis
人工流産 induced abortion, artificial interruption of pregnancy
診察 medical examination
診察室 examination room, examining room,
consulting room, doctor's room
診察台 examination table
心臓 heart
腎臓 kidney
心臓弁膜症 cardiac valvular disease, heart valve disease
心臓麻痺(しんぞうまひ) cardioplegia, heart attack, heart failure
診断 diagnosis
心電図 cardiac electrogram, electrocardiogram
診療 medical examination, medical care,
medical examination and treatment
心療内科 department of psychosomatic medicine
診療報酬 medical fee, medical treatment fee
膵臓(すいぞう) pancreas
杉花粉症 cedar pollen allergy, Japanese cedar pollinosis
生化学 biochemistry
生活習慣病 adult diseases, lifestyle-related diseases
整形外科 orthopedic surgery
整形外科医 orthopedist, orthopedic surgeon
生検  biopsy
製剤 drug formulation, drug product
製剤設計 formulation design
製剤分析 pharmaceutical analysis
精神科 psychiatry, department of psychiatry
精神科医 psychiatrist
精密検査 work-up, detailed examination, extensive testing, complete checkup
赤外線 infrared (IR), infra-red ray
赤血球 red blood cell (RBC), erythrocyte
赤痢 dysentery
切除 excision
切迫流産 imminent, imminent abortion, threatened miscarriage
脊髄 spinal cord
脊椎 spine, spondylus, axis
接触感染 contact infection, contagious infection
先進医療技術 advanced medical technology
先端医療技術 state-of-the-art medical technology
全身麻酔 general anesthesia, full anesthesia
先発医薬品 original drug
臓器 organ(s), internal organ(s), body part(s)
臓器移植 organ transplant, organ transplantation
臓器クローニング organ cloning
早期診断 early diagnosis
臓器提供 organ donation
臓器提供者 organ donor
早産 premature birth, early delivery, immature birth
早産児 premature infant, preterm
胎児、胎仔 fetus, pre-born child, unborn baby
代謝症候群 metabolic syndrome
代謝性疾患 metabolic disease, metabolic disorder
耐性 resistance characteristics, tolerance
耐性菌 resistant bacteria, drug-resistant strain
大腸(結腸) colon, large intestine
大腸がん colon cancer
大腸菌 Escherichia coli, E. coli, coliform
大腸菌群 coliforms
胎動 fetal movement, fetal activity
体力 physical strength, physical power
他覚症状 objective symptom
多剤耐性菌 multiple-drug-resistant bacteria
堕胎 abortion
堕胎医 abortionist
探索研究 exploratory research
胆嚢(たんのう) gall bladder (gallbladder), bladder, cholecyst
胆嚢炎 cholecystitis, gallbladder inflammation
胆石 gallstone, bilestone, cholelith
治験 clinical trial
知見 knowledge, finding
治験薬 investigational new drug
血の塊 clot of blood
チフス、腸チフス typhoid
治癒(ちゆ) cure, healing
中耳炎 otitis media
注射、注射液 injection
注射針 injection needle
中枢神経 central nerve
中枢神経系疾患 central nervous system disease
調剤 dispensing, preparation of drugs
腸内細菌 enterobacteria, intestinal bacteria, gut bacteria
腸溶性製剤 enteric-coated preparation
直腸 rectum
聴診器 auscultator, stethoscope
鎮痛薬 analgesic, pain relief medication
低血圧 low blood pressure, hypotension
摘出 enucleation, extirpation, extraction
転移 metastasis
デング熱 dengue fever
点滴 infusion, drip infusion, intravenous drip
同意書 informed consent
透析 dialysis
糖尿病 diabetes
動物細胞培養 animal cell culture
投与 administration
poison, toxin (生物由来の), venom (蛇やクモの)
毒性 toxicity, virulence (ウィルスや細菌の)
届け出伝染病 notifiable infectious disease
鳥インフルエンザ bird flu, avian influenza, bird influenza
内視鏡 endoscope
内出血 internal bleeding, internal hemorrhage
内臓 viscera, internal organ(s)
内服薬 oral medicine, internal remedy
軟膏(なんこう) ointment
難産 difficult delivery, difficult labor, dystocia
難病 intractable disease
ニキビ、挫創(ざそう) acne, spot, pimple
乳がん breast cancer
妊娠中絶 abortion, pregnancy termination, interruption
認知症 dementia
熱中症 heat stroke, heat exhaustion
脳(大脳) brain
脳外科 cerebral surgery
脳梗塞 brain infarction, cerebral infarction
脳卒中 stroke, cerebral accident, cerebral apoplexy
脳波 brain wave
脳貧血 cerebral anemia
embryo
lung
肺炎 pneumonia
肺がん lung cancer, pulmonary cancer
黴菌、ばい菌 bacteria, germs, bug
排泄 excretion, egestion
排泄物 excrement, excretion, egesta
培養 cultivation, culture, incubation
白内障 cataract
麻疹(はしか、ましん) measles
破傷風 tetanus
発生学 embryology
発熱 fever, pyrexia
白血球 white blood cell (WBC), leukocyte
白血病 leukemia, leukosis
鼻血、鼻出血 nosebleed, epistaxis, nasal hemorrhage
絆創膏(ばんそうこう) adhesive, band-aid, adhesive plaster
鼻炎 rhinitis, nasal inflammation
皮下注射 subcutaneous injection (SC)
脾臓(ひぞう) spleen
泌尿器科 urinology, department of urology
泌尿器疾患 urological disease
皮膚炎 dermatitis
皮膚科 dermatology, department of dermatology
皮膚科医 dermatologist
肥満 obesity, fatness
病原菌 pathogen, germ
病原性大腸菌 enteropathogenic Escherichia coli
病態モデル動物 disease model animal, animal model of (human) disease
病理学 pathology
日和見感染 opportunistic infection
非臨床 non-clinical
非臨床試験 non-clinical study, non-clinical test
貧血、貧血症 anemia
風疹 rubella, bastard measles
吹き出物 pimple, pustule, spot
副作用 adverse effect, side effect
副腎 adrenal, paranephros
腹膜 peritoneum, peritoneal membrane
物性 physical property
不整脈 irregular heartbeat, arrhythmia
分子生物学 molecular biology
分泌(ぶんぴ、ぶんぴつ) secretion
分泌液 secretory fluid, bodily secretion
分泌物 secreted material, secretion,
discharge(膿など)
分娩 delivery, childbirth
分娩期 delivery stage, childbed
分娩室 maternity room, delivery room
防かび剤、防黴剤 fungicide
包帯 bandage
防腐剤 antiseptic, preservative
縫合 sutura, suturation
膀胱 urinary bladder, bladder, vesica
膀胱結石 bladder stones
放射線科 department of radiology
放射線療法、放射線治療 radiation therapy, radiotherapy, irradiation
防腐剤 antiseptic, preservative
麻酔 anesthesia
麻酔薬 anesthetic(s), narcotic drug
麻薬 narcotic, narcotic drug
慢性の chronic
未熟児 premature baby, immature infant
水虫 athlete's foot
無菌製剤 sterile preparation
滅菌 sterilization
免疫 immunity
免疫学 immunology
免疫療法 immune therapy, immunotherapy
盲腸 cecum, appendix
薬事法 Pharmaceutical Affairs Law
薬学 pharmacy, pharmaceutical science
薬剤学 pharmaceutics
薬剤師 pharmacist
薬価 drug price
薬効 drug efficacy
薬物乱用 drug abuse
薬理学 pharmacology
薬局 pharmacy, drugstore
薬局方 pharmacopeia
輸液 infusion solution, transfusion
輸血 blood infusion, blood transfusion
用法 usage direction, dose regimen
用量 dosage, dose
予防医学 preventative medicine
予防的、予防の prophylactic, preventive
卵管 fallopian tube, oviduct
利尿剤 diuretic, emulgent
流行性耳下腺炎 mumps, epidemic parotiditis
流産 abortion, misbirth, miscarriage
良性の benign, benignant
緑内障 glaucoma,
緑膿菌 Pseudomonas aeruginosa
臨床検査技師 clinical laboratory technician
臨床現場 clinical site
臨床試験 clinical trial, clinical test
臨床薬理 clinical pharmacology
レジオネラ菌 Legionella bacteria